Home > Knowledge > Content
what is stainless steel?do you know clear about this kind of material?
Mar 12, 2017

Stainless steel is one kind of Ferroalloy.mainly with Nickle,chrome,even Maaganese,Molybdenum,Titanium,Cobalt ect.It is made up of two or more chemical elements—used in a wide range of applications.

It has excellent resistance to stain or rust due to its chromium content, usually more than 12 percent of the alloy.

There are more than 57 stainless steels recognized as standard alloys, in addition to many proprietary alloys produced by different stainless steel producers. These many types of steels are used in an almost endless number of applications and industries: bulk materials handling equipment, building exteriors and roofing, automobile components (exhaust, trim/decorative, engine, chassis, fasteners, tubing for fuel lines), chemical processing plants (scrubbers and heat exchangers), pulp and paper manufacturing, petroleum refining, water supply piping, consumer products, marine and shipbuilding, pollution control, sporting goods (snow skis), and transportation (rail cars),  and so many usages

About 200,000 tons of nickel-containing stainless steel is used each year by the food processing industry in North America. It is used in a variety of food handling, storing, cooking, and serving equipment—from the beginning of the food collection process through to the end. Beverages such as milk, wine, beer, soft drinks and fruit juice are processed in stainless steel equipment. Stainless steel is also used in commercial cookers, pasteurizers, transfer bins, and other specialized equipment. Advantages include easy cleaning, good corrosion resistance, durability, economy, food flavor protection, and sanitary design. According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, 1992 shipments of all stainless steel totaled 1,514,222 tons.

Stainless steels come in several types depending on their microstructure. 

Austenitic stainless steels contain at least 6 percent nickel and austenite—carbon-containing iron with a face-centered cubic structure—and have good corrosion resistance and high ductility (the ability of the material to bend without breaking).

Grade such as 201,304/L,316/L,317,321,316Ti,347,310,904L etc

Ferritic stainless steels (ferrite has a body-centered cubic structure) have better resistance to stress corrosion than austenitic, but they are difficult to weld. such as the grade 409,430,444,434,446,447,439,430ti etc

Martensitic stainless steels contain iron having a needle-like structure.

Such as the grade 403,410,414,416,416(Se),420,430,431,440A,440B,440C

Duplex stainless steels, which generally contain equal amounts of ferrite and austenite, provide better resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion in most environments. They also have superior resistance to cracking due to chloride stress corrosion, and they are about twice as strong as the common austenitics. Therefore, duplex stainless steels are widely used in the chemical industry in refineries, gas-processing plants, pulp and paper plants, and sea water piping installations.such as the grade UNS31803,2205,f51etc

Our company Shaanxi Ruiyang is specially produce and supply stainless steel bars(stainless steel round bars,stainless steel flat bars,stainless steel angle bars,stainless steel square bars,stainless steel hex bars),stainless steel pipes(stainless tube,stainless steel seamless pipe,stainless round tube,stainless steel rectangular tubing,stainless steel square tubing,welded stainless steel tube)and reformer pipes,UMCO50 pipes others customed

welcome to contact us for inquiry:






we chat:petersy168